How to Grout Tile

Grouting tile can often be a daunting job for anyone, whether a professional tile contractor or an individual completing a home project.

However, grouting tile does not have to be difficult or intimidating. With the right supplies, knowledge, and technique grouting tile can be easy and rewarding. Knowing how to grout tile properly is the key to ensuring the grout will both last and protect the tile from deterioration.

Whether you are working on a kitchen backsplash, the shower, or any tile project this article will provide clear instructions and tips on how to grout tile so you can grout with confidence and complete your project with flawless results.

Materials You Will Need

  • Tile grout
  • Grout float
  • Sponge
  • Masking tape (Painter's Tape)
  • Bucket
  • Rubber gloves or other protective gear
  • Safety glasses
  • Putty Knife
  • Caulk

How to Grout Tile

Grout plays a vital role in the overall look and feel of tiled surfaces, so if you are looking to restore the old grout in your home, it can be beneficial to understand the steps necessary to do it properly. 

We have compiled a list of steps to help you apply the grout to your beautiful tile.

Preparing tile surface

Prepare your Tile Surface

Preparing tile surfaces for grout application is a critical step in ensuring the tile installation's long-term success. Before grout application can begin, tile surfaces must be sufficiently clean, dry, and free of any dirt or debris that may interfere with adhesion. It is essential to clean the tile joints and grout lines

To clean the tile surface you can use a bucket and a sponge with a cleaner made specifically for the surface area you are working on or a general all-purpose cleaner. Use a vacuum to remove loose grout and a putty knife to extract any excess grout.

Cleaning tile floor from dust

To make clean-up easier, apply tape around your work area. Do this to protect your walls and any special tiling with crevices and features from the grout. Keep the grout on the floor or wall and away from anything you do not want grout on.

Once you have cleaned your grout lines, and tiles, and have prepared your workspace you are ready for the next step!

Mixing and applying grout to tile

Mix and Apply Grout

Once your tile surface is clean and ready to go, it’s time to mix the grout and apply it to your tiles. The amount of grout you will need depends on how many tiles you are working with and how big they are.

Mixing Grout

Once you have chosen your grout and grout color, begin by pouring a mix of dry grout powder into a bucket, then add clean water based on the manufacturer's instructions. Use the bucket to mix grout together. Once you have mixed the grout completely, you should use it within 20 minutes for the best results. Gently mix the grout into the bucket with your hands or mixers to create an even consistency.

If needed, add more powder or water until you achieve this consistency. Finally, allow the grout to set in the bucket for at least 10 minutes before applying it to your workspace or project.

Types of Grout

There are 2 main categories of grout: epoxy and cement-based grout. Cement-based grout can be broken up into 2 subcategories which are sanded and unsanded.

  • Epoxy grout is used for high-traffic areas and is designed to be strong, durable, and waterproof. It is made from a combination of epoxy resin and filler material such as sand or quartz, which creates a strong bond between the tiles. This is mainly used for commercial use.
  • Sanded grout is made from a combination of Portland cement, hydrated lime, and sand. Sanded grout is a popular choice because it has many advantages over other types of grout.
  • Unsanded grout is a type of tile grouting that does not contain any sand or other abrasive materials. Unsanded grout is designed for use in areas where there are minimal amounts of foot traffic and where there is less need for a strong bond between tiles.

Applying Grout

When applying your fresh grout mixture, it is best if you use a grout float, a specialized tool designed for the application of grout, at a 45-degree angle to evenly spread grout diagonally across all the joints between tiles. If you are working on a tile backsplash or any wall tile, move the grout float upwards to keep your floor clean. Ensure that grout gets into the voids and grout joints between each tile by filling them completely.

Be sure not to overfill grout lines as this could create issues with clean-up and drying time.

Man wiping tile with microfiber cloth

Cleaning Up

Before your grout dries, you can use the grout float to clean up the excess grout that is left over on the floor or the wall. Make sure you are working diagonally to confirm the grout joints are filled completely.

Once your grout sets and is completely dry it is time to begin the clean-up process to make your tile look beautiful.

Take a damp sponge and use a circular motion to gently wipe down the tiles and remove leftover grout. The sponge will get dirty and will smear the grout, to prevent continual smearing rinse the sponge in clean water often. Continue to wipe down the tiles.

After you have wiped down the tiles, use a sponge to smooth out the grout lines. The most effective way to do this is to use a dampened sponge, not a wet sponge, and gently run it along each grout line, making sure no gaps or rough spots remain. This helps to create an even surface and ensure that all necessary joints have been filled in. Allow the grout to set after cleaning it again.

Spraying and wiping tile

To finish the cleaning process, use a microfiber cloth to remove any grout haze that has formed over the tile. Wipe the tile with the microfiber cloth, a regular towel works as well bu the microfiber cloth is optimal.

Seal the Grout

Once the tile has been grouted, caulk/sealant can be used to create a finished look to further protect the grouted area from moisture, and fill the gaps between tiles and what abuts them such as bathtubs, walls, and counters, and make your tiling job look cleaner.

Man caulking tile in bathtub

To apply the caulk start by cleaning the gap between the tiles with a wet cloth and/or with an appropriate cleanser. Then, caulk around the perimeter of the joint before running the caulk deep into the crack for a tight fit. Make sure to tool caulk with a finger or caulk tool for finishing and smooth out any ridges before allowing it to thoroughly dry.


Congratulations! You have just learned how to grout tile. With this guide, you now have the necessary information on how to grout tile, what types of grouts are available, how to apply them correctly, how to clean up afterward, and how to seal your work for optimal protection against moisture. By following these steps carefully you should be able to successfully complete any tiling job with confidence! Don't want to do it yourself? Get a free tile estimate today from Floors & Tile In Style!

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Does Floors & Tile In Style Offer A Lot Of Material Choices?

Yes, Floors & Tile In Style offers a wide selection of materials that are suited for any style or budget. We carry high-quality tiles in ceramic, porcelain, stone, glass, and mosaic styles. Our team of experienced professionals is always ready to help you select the perfect material for your project. With our large selection of colors and textures, you’re sure to find exactly what you’re looking for!

I Want To Start A Tile Project? Where Should I Start?

The best place to start is by determining what type of material you need for your project. Consider both the look and feel of the tile, as well as any special considerations such as moisture resistance or avoiding a slippery surface if it’s in an area with high foot traffic. Once you’ve nailed down your preferences, our helpful team can help you pick out the perfect tiles for your project!

Can I Use My Own Tile With Floors & Tile In Style?

Yes, you can use your own tile with Floors & Tile In Style. You just need to make sure it is a material compatible with our installation services. We will provide assistance and advice during the selection process to ensure that the tiles you choose are suited for your project needs.

Can I Just Regrout My Existing Tile?

Yes, you can regrout your existing tile with Floors & Tile In Style. We offer a variety of services to help you regrout and repair any existing tiles in your home. Our team will assess the area carefully before beginning work to ensure that any necessary repairs are made correctly and your tile is ready for use afterwards. Depending on the size of the project and any additional repairs needed, we will provide you with an estimated cost as well as a timeline for completion so that you can plan accordingly.

Does Floors & Tile In Style Offer Tile Removal?

Yes, Floors & Tile In Style offers tile removal services. Our experienced team can carefully remove your old tiles and dispose of them in the most eco-friendly way possible. We use specialized tools to carefully break and remove the tiles, ensuring that no damage is done to your walls or floors while minimizing dust and mess. Once the area is prepared, we will install new tiles with ease, making sure they are laid correctly for a perfect finish every time!

Does Floors & Tile In Style Offer Tile Repair?

Yes, Floors & Tile In Style offers tile repair services. Our experienced team can identify and fix any issues with your tiles, such as chips or cracks. We use specialized tools and materials to make sure that the repair is done correctly and your tile looks like new once again! Depending on the damage, we can either fix the existing tiles or suggest replacements for a more durable solution.

Does Floors & Tile In Style Offer Tile Installation?

Yes, Floors & Tile In Style offers tile installation services. We will work with you to select the right tiles for your project and provide expert advice on their installation. Our team is experienced in all aspects of tile installation, so you can rest assured that your project will be done correctly and efficiently. We take pride in offering a high-quality service and ensuring that our customers are satisfied with the final results!

How Fast Can I Get A Tile Estimate?

We can provide you with an estimated cost and timeline for your tile project within 1-2 business days. Our team will assess the area carefully to determine the scope of work required, and we’ll also provide advice on selecting the best materials for your project. We strive to make sure every customer is completely satisfied with their experience, so don’t hesitate to contact us for a free quote today!

Does Floors & Tile In Style Offer Tile Sealing Services?

Yes, Floors & Tile In Style offers tile sealing services. Our experienced team can apply a sealant to your tiles in order to protect them from moisture and dirt buildup, as well as make them easier to clean. We use specialized products that are designed for various types of tiles, so you can be sure that your project will be done correctly and efficiently. Contact us today for more information on our tile-sealing services!

Do You Provide Floor Leveling Services Before Installation?

Yes, Floors & Tile In Style does provide floor leveling services before installation. Our experienced team can use specialized tools and materials to make sure that your floors are level and ready for the installation of your new tiles. We take extra steps to ensure your tile is installed correctly so it looks great and lasts for years! Contact us today for more information on our floor leveling services.

How Long Will My Tile Project Take To Complete?

The length of time your tile project will take to complete depends on the size of the project and any additional repairs that may be needed. We will provide you with an estimated cost as well as a timeline for completion so that you can plan accordingly. Contact us today for more information!

Can I Get An Estimate For A Custom Tile Design Or Patterned Installation?

Yes, Floors & Tile In Style can provide you with an estimate for a custom tile design or patterned installation. Our experienced team will work with you to determine the best layout and materials for your project, and then provide you with an estimated cost and timeline. Contact us today to get started on your custom tile design!

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